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Why Higher Than Normal Blood Sugar Levels Are Dangerous to Health

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First, the bad news

High blood sugar levels lead to Type-2 diabetes, a serious and incurable disease. The reality of being diagnosed and learning of having diabetes can be quite shocking and for many it is possibly the first time they have had to contemplate a future that includes their own eventual death.

That statement may be considered as overdramatic or even as an exaggeration by some, however, diabetes is a life threatening disease and unless its characteristically high blood sugar levels are brought under control some dire complications can follow. Diabetes affects many of the body's major organs, including the heart, the blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, feet, and eyes, and although it takes time for these conditions to gradually develop to a serious stage they are, nevertheless, some of the major complications associated with disabilities and diabetic deaths in America according to the American Diabetes Association.

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The good news -- considering the circumstance of being diagnosed as having diabetes

By controlling blood sugar levels, most of the above mentioned conditions can be prevented. It may not be easy and it does adversely affect the quality of life, but it is certainly worth the effort compared to the alternative.

Confusion in the early days

There is so much new information being conveyed to the newly diagnosed type-2 diabetic that it is easy to be come confused. There's information about the disease and its treatment, the types of foods to consume and the types of foods to avoid. There are also the frequent references to terms that the average person may have heard of but are not really sure what they are, references to such things as carbohydrates, insulin, glucose and blood sugar levels, diabetic this and diabetic that.

The most common approach to lowering blood sugar levels

The primary objective of the treatment routine is to lower the higher than normal blood sugar levels. And the secondary objective is to prevent the common health complications that can result from poorly controlled diabetes.

These objectives can be achieved by making life-style changes, changes in eating habits and physical activities that probably contributed to the development of higher than normal blood sugar levels in the first place.

Adopting a better diet

Dietary modification usually involves the adoption of an appropriate personalized diet plan that provides nutritious and balanced meals, incorporating individual food preferences that provide the right amount of calories to sustain the amount of energy expended each day in the pursuits of work and play - but no more than that amount. Much more can be discussed on this subject.

Incorporating regular exercise if possible

Exercise is important and can help lower elevated blood sugar levels. A minimum amount of simple exercise for about 30 minutes duration each day of the week, or perhaps four days per week would probably be the recommendation of most health care providers, subject to the physical abilities, state of health or other conditions that may influence the recommendations.

Weight loss and weight control

Excess weight is a major associated factor often leading to higher than normal blood sugar levels and the implementation of the above dietary and exercise modifications will probably take into consideration the need to lose weight - which usually must take place gradually, no crash diets that are ultimately doomed to failure and subsequent return of weight.

Medications as a possibility

If the adoption of appropriate diet and exercise plans cannot help lower the above normal blood sugar levels to a sufficient degree, a doctor may prescribe the addition of medications to supplement the effects of the dietary and exercise routines.

In conclusion

Diabetes is a progressive disease, meaning that it gets worse over time unless corrective measures are taken. But while there is time still available, it is worth the effort of whatever it takes to bring blood sugar levels under control and for those who can do so the future becomes much brighter. A commitment to the healthier lifestyle choices mentioned above can help regain control and conquer the type-2 diabetic condition and counter its otherwise damaging effects.

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Author's Comments:

As a type-2 diabetic myself, now experiencing some of the complications caused by my inability to fully incorporate the appropriate lifestyle changes, I sympathize with others facing the same situation but urge everyone to take the right actions to minimize the potential damage. For more information, please check out Need for Normal Blood Sugars [] or any of the articles in the List of Topics at Diabetic Information Exchange [].

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