Diabetes causes musculoskeletal changes that lead to symptoms such as joint pain and stiffness, swelling, nodules under the skin, particularly in the fingers, tight thickened skin, trigger finger, carpal tunnel syndrome, painful shoulders, and severely affected feet. After having had diabetes for several years, joint damage, called diabetic arthropathy can occur.
Both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis share connections with diabetes, although the connections are quite different. Having arthritis does not mean you'll develop diabetes, or vice versa, but taking good care of your self with one might mean staving off or minimizing the other.
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If you go above your ideal weight, your lower body joints will feel the burden. As the scale creeps upward, your organs become burdened also. Type 2 diabetes is largely a disease of people who are overweight or obese, and overweight and obesity are big risk factors for knee and hip osteoarthritis. The main fix for both conditions is to lose weight, which will improve each condition. Modest weight loss will alleviate pressure from the lower extremities, helping to ease pain in the hips, knees and feet. Losing just 15 pounds can cut knee pain in half. And losing just 5% to 10% of body weight will reduce blood sugar significantly and can enable some people to taper off insulin and other medications.
Eat regularly and consistently to help your body maintain steady glucose levels. Doing so keeps the body from releasing too much insulin, which is known to make weight loss and fat loss difficult. Try to eat the same amount of food during meals or snacks at the same times every day, and, of course, choose your foods wisely. Then make sure you engage in about 30 minutes of physical activity on as many days of the week is possible to keep your weight down, your joints lubed and your blood sugar normal, not to mention to decrease your risk of heart disease, a top health risk associated with both arthritis and diabetes
Stress and depression can contribute to getting or can aggravate diabetes and arthritis, Depression not only co-occurs with diabetes, but also with other chronic diseases. If you experience symptoms, talk to your doctor about ways to treat depression
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