When you suspect yourself or someone very close to you to have diabetes, one of the first things you would want to do is to determine the normal range of values under different circumstances. As you must be aware, blood glucose levels are not constant; they rise and fall throughout the day depending on when you have eaten or how much you have eaten. It therefore helps to have a blood sugar level chart to refer to so you will know if you or your loved one is going beyond the normal range.
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Under normal situations, a person's blood sugar level is between 70 mg/dl and 150 mg/dl only. The figures are usually lower in the morning when you haven't eaten anything yet, but they eventually increase when your stomach is full or when you have taken something in. Your random blood glucose level which is the amount of glucose in the blood after eating (and it does not matter what time of day it is or how long has it been since you have eaten the last morsel of food) should be lower than 200 mg/dl. If your random blood sugar level test reveals a higher figure, there is a strong likelihood that you are indeed suffering from diabetes.
Your fasting blood sugar glucose level which is the amount of glucose in the blood before you have taken anything should be between 70 mg/dl and 99 mg/dl. Ideally the best time to measure this is early in the morning, specifically soon after waking up but before eating breakfast. FBG levels of 126 mg/dl or higher indicate diabetes.
It is important to monitor your sugar levels. Early detection of diabetes can mean better treatment options. Better treatment options in turn signify better diabetes control which ultimately leads to prevention of complications.
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