Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, is necessary for a wide range of important functions in your body. It functions in the making of collagen, a protein found in skin, bones, blood vessels, tendons, and ligaments. It is also necessary for making the neurotransmitter, norepinephrine, an important molecule that helps your brain to function. It also helps to make carnitine, a molecule that functions in converting fat to energy and serves as an antioxidant, protecting many of your body's molecules from free radicals.
According to a study published in December 2011 in the journal Advances in Pharmacological Science, vitamin C could also be useful in controlling blood sugar levels in Type 2 diabetes.
Is vitamin C useful in controlling blood sugar levels? Investigators at the Indira Gandhi Government Medical College in India looked at 70 people who had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and found them to have low levels of vitamin C in their blood...
- 35 volunteers with Type 2 diabetes were given vitamin C supplements along with metformin, while the other
- 35 were given placebos along with metformin.
At the end of the 12 week period the diabetics given the vitamin C supplements showed improvements in their vitamin C blood levels, as well as reduced blood sugar levels and an improvement in their HbA1c levels compared with the diabetics receiving only metformin.
From the above results the researchers concluded a combination of vitamin C with metformin could be more effective at treating Type 2 diabetes than taking metformin alone.
Our bodies do not make or store vitamin C, so its necessary for us to obtain what we need each day from our eating plan. The US Food and Drug Administration recommends a daily allowance of 90 mg for adult men and 75 mg for adult women. Smoking actually lowers your vitamin C level, so the recommended daily allowance (RDA) for male smokers is 125 mg per day and the RDA for female smokers is 110 mg per day.
It is not difficult to get enough of the vitamin in your food. One cup of cooked broccoli supplies 102 mg of vitamin C and half a cup of sweet red pepper has 95 mg, and a cup of strawberries supplies 85 mg. A cup of kale contains 80.5 mg.
Food.com suggests cooking spicy garlic kale with sautéed red bell peppers. Other ingredients include leek, olive oil, onions, red pepper flakes, and white pepper.
Vitamin C which is abundant in citrus fruit and works indirectly in keeping your arteries flexible. In turn this may lower the buildup of cholesterol and plaque, as well as reduce several other factors relating to stroke and heart attack.
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