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Hyperglycemia, High Blood Sugar Symptoms, Causes and Diet

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High Blood Sugar (glucose) occurs when blood composes much sugar. High Blood Sugar is also known as hyperglycemia. People who suffer from diabetes possess two specific types of high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. The people who keep fasting for eight hours experience the high blood sugar level. It crosses over 130 mg/dl, and it usually happens after fasting. This is known as fasting hyperglycemia. When blood sugar crosses over 180 mg/dl, this condition is known as postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia. People who do have diabetes experience the blood sugar level more than 140 mg/dl. When you pass one to two hours, after a large meal, the post-meal sugar reaches at 180mg/dl, and it hardly happens. This indicator of high blood sugar can show a high risk of becoming a type 2 diabetic.

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The early symptoms of high blood sugar or hyperglycemia in diabetes can be -

1. Frequent thirstiness
2. Headaches
3. Disturbed concentration
4. Problematic vision
5. Frequent urination
6. Loss of weight
7. Blood sugar over 180mg/dl

The long-term high blood glucose in diabetes can bear the result of -

1. Vaginal and skin infection
2. Lengthy developments of cuts and sores
3. Reduced vision
4. Damaging nerve
5. Unresponsive feet
6. Uncomfortable cold
7. Loss of hair at lower edge
8. Swelling and stiff dysfunction
9. Chronic constipation or diarrhea
10. Unconsciousness

The causes of high-blood glucose or hyperglycemia can be -

1. Skipping of insulin or oral glucose
2. Excessively taken carbohydrates for insulin or taken in general
3. Eaten much food along with many calories
4. Infection
5. Illness
6. Increased stress
7. Less activity in your daily routine
8. Reduced exercise
9. Forceful physical activity

The diet for high blood glucose can be arranged in different angles.

Low Carb Food can control diabetes emphasizing on low fat consumption. It controls the level of insulin, a fat building hormone. To restrict the calorie consumption, this diet helps reduce weight. As per Body Mass Index, BMI, you can have 1500-calorie diabetic diet to 1800-calorie diet. This diet includes huge and leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, reduced fat milk and you can consume yogurt. Fish, poultry and bean curd can replace meat. For cooking purpose, pure olive oil, avocado oil, soybean oil can be used.

Type 2 diabetes patients prefer low glycemic food. This food helps reduce the risk of heart diseases.

Vegetables can be cabbage, sprouts, cauliflower, carrots, tomatoes, cucumber, lettuce, and green beans. These are the sources of minerals and vitamins. To control high blood glucose you had better include all these in your diet plan.

Fruits can be chosen based on calories and moderation or replacement. The choices can be oranges, apples, bananas, peaches, pears, grapes, mango, blackberries and strawberries.

To have zinc and chromium, pure grain bread, cereals, brown rice, oats, rye and pasta can be included in the high blood sugar diet. These grains bear starch and carbohydrates.

Oatmeal reduces cholesterol levels and it is an ideal breakfast for diabetics.

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