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Kidney Disease (Nephropathy) of Diabetes

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Diabetes can let kidney fail to operate. High blood sugar overloads the filters of kidney with blood. This work hardens the filters.

In human body, kidney is one of the most important organs in which we can find millions of diminutive blood vessels. Kidney is working as a filter. Filter removes the waste products from blood. Sometimes disease disrupts this filtering system. Diabetes can let kidney fail to operate. The operation failure of kidney loses the ability to remove waste products; as a result, kidney disease occurs.

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Therefore, the features of kidney disease can be -

1. Excessive work of high blood sugar over the kidney.
2. Proper working capabilities failure.
3. Kidney disease being slower for treatment.
4. Diagnosing later, result of kidney failure.
5. Because of kidney failure, necessities of replacement therapy including dialysis or transplant.

The link between kidney diseases and diabetes

The human body coordination is based on different segments. We eat protein that is digested by the coordination, and finally the body management creates the waste products. Millions of diminutive blood vessels, capillaries along with more diminutive holes work as filters in the kidney. Blood runs through the blood vessels, and the petite molecular substances like waste products press through the holes. These waste products are the parts of urine. The important substances are protein and red blood cells, which are too big to pass through the holes in the filtering process, and they stay in the blood. Diabetes can affect the whole process and damage the co-ordination. High-level blood sugar overloads the filters of kidney with blood. This work hardens the filters. For years, this practice starts leaking and useful protein is missing in urine. 

Microalbuminuria refers to the small amount of protein in the urine. Earlier you diagnose your kidney; specified treatments can control continuous bad states of kidney disease and in this stage, Macroalbuminuria refers to the larger amounts of protein in the urine. If you are delayed to diagnose your kidney, end-stage renal disease or ESRD can occur.  During this period, the overwork let kidney lose the filtering ability. This process again prepares the waste products in the blood, ultimately the kidneys fail and ESRD occurs. It is a very serious disease, and it requires kidney transplant or dialysis. 

It is not customary that all diabetic patients develop kidney diseases. Genetics, blood pressure or lacking the control of blood sugar influences the kidney disease.

The symptoms of kidney diseases can be -

1. Sleeplessness
2. Reduced appetite
3. Upset stomach
4. Weakness
5. Difficulties with concentration

If these symptoms occur, you see a doctor. Doctor can check, blood pressure, urine for protein, blood for waste and organs for other complications of diabetes.

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The prevention of diabetic kidney disease can be the controlling of blood sugar. Based on research, proper control of blood sugar level reduces the one-third risk of Microalbuminuria, and this proper control further helps the people with microalbuminuria reduce the half risk of progressing towards Macroalbuminuria.

The treatments of kidney diseases are -

1. Self-care
2. Drugs
3. Diet
4. Kidney transplant or dialysis for kidney failure

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