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The Most Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Diabetics

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Anyone living with prediabetes or full-blown Type 2 diabetes needs to be aware it is not just blood sugar levels that need to be monitored. Addressing any nutritional deficiencies is just as important as managing the disease and preventing other health problems from developing.

In fact, we all need to ensure we are getting enough daily of the micro nutrients which are vitamins, minerals and trace elements. Unfortunately, many Type 2 diabetes are found to have low levels of particular nutrients including:

  • Biotin
  • Chromium
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Manganese
  • Magnesium
  • Potassium (mainly in diabetics who take insulin)
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin D3
  • Vitamin E

Biotin: Taking a biotin supplement may have a positive effect on blood sugar levels for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetics because insulin works with biotin to increase the activity of an enzyme called glucokinase. This enzyme is needed for the beginning stages of glucose absorption - without it the body could not function normally.

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The liver has the only store of glucokinase in the body and so, for people with diabetes this concentration may be very low.

Chromium: Diabetics may be able to improve their glucose tolerance and thereby lower their fasting blood sugar levels by supplementing with chromium. Chromium has also been noted to decrease insulin levels, lowering both negative cholesterol and triglyceride levels at the same time as increasing the "good" HDL cholesterol. This comes from several double blind-studies documenting the effects supplemental chromium had on Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

When you exercise it should be mentioned you also increase the concentration of tissue chromium. Supplemental chromium may also be helpful to women with Gestational diabetes and people with a diagnosis of prediabetes.

Coenzyme Q10: Coenzyme Q10 has shown through clinical trials it could help dramatically lower blood sugar levels in Type 2 diabetics and, in animal studies, those with diabetes are deficient in Coenzyme Q10 which could prove the same in humans with the disease.

Coenzyme Q10 may also help with carbohydrate metabolism. This naturally occurring nutrient also helps to oxygenate the blood which then may go on to help some people who have developed diabetic retinopathy.

Manganese: This trace mineral is commonly deficient in diabetics - with some experts saying it could be the initial cause of diabetes. This is because manganese is thought to be a key co-factor in the body handling sugar correctly with the help of enzymes.

This article concludes in part two of this article set, and it goes on to cover several more of the common nutritional deficiencies seen in people living with Type 2 diabetes.

As with all dietary changes and any supplements you wish to include in your "Type 2 diabetes reversal programme" it is best you consult with your diabetes management team first.

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For nearly 25 years Beverleigh Piepers has searched for and found a number of secrets to help you build a healthy body. Go to to learn about some of those secrets.

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